3 Most Popular Types of Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgeryGray995 is usually performed to correct the underlying skeletal deformities of the jaw and this procedure improves the aesthetic appeal and functionality in the best manner. When the bite problems become severe, orthodontic treatment becomes inadequate and patients may not able to correct the facial deformity with the help of orthodontic methods. That is exactly where the importance of an advanced treatment option comes in. In such a situation, orthognathic surgery is the best available treatment option and it always brings best and long lasting results. Orthognathic treatments can be classified in to three categories and they include Sagittal Split Osteotomy of the Mandible, Lefort I Osteotomy of the Maxilla and Genioplasty.

1) Sagittal Split Osteotomy of the Mandible (lower jaw)

Many people suffer from deficient lower or upper jaw and this surgical method is the best option available to correct these types of deformities. The dental surgeon performs the operation on the lower jaw or mandible to move it forward for correcting the deficient lower jaw and in order to correct of the large lower jaw, the surgeon moves the jaw backward. The operation is being performed behind the back teeth and, for maintaining the bony contact of the jaw, it will be sectioned in a unique manner as well. There will not be any gaps in the bone that need to be filled in, and top surgeons always use Rigid Internal Fixation or RIF method to stabilize the osteotomies. Patients do not need to wire the teeth together during the healing phase as well.

2) Lefort I Osteotomy of the Maxilla (upper jaw)

Upper jaw deformities are solved using this type of surgery and, various issues like open bite, long- face problems, short-face problems, under bite and overbite can be solved with this surgery. An open bite malocclusion always accompanies the long face syndrome and the correction of the bite is done using Lefort I Osteotomy surgery. The surgeon moves the upper jaw upward to close the bite and it reduces the amount of gumminess of the smile. In order to correct short face, upper jaw will be brought down to increase the lower facial height and smile as well. This type of orthognathic surgery is also performed to treat open bite and it involves the impaction of the back part of the upper jaw to allow the lower jaw to rotate closed. Other problems like under bite and overbite can also be addressed with the help of this surgery.

3) Genioplasty

Genioplasty is being performed to move the chin in the most suitable direction based on the individual facial appearance and the movements can be a forward, upward, downward or backward. Since it involves the bottom area of the lower jaw, this surgery is also known as inferior border osteotomy. Many people mistake this procedure as chin replacement and the fact of the matter is that it has nothing to do with chin implant. During this procedure, the lower jaw will be repositioned and in order to undergo this type of orthognathic surgery, patients do not necessarily need to take orthodontic treatment.


What You Need To Know About Axial Back Pain

Are you experiencing back pain? If yes, then there are things you have to know. There are numerous problems associated with your back that you have to know. Among them all, lower back pain is the most commonly experienced. To effectively understand how best you can deal with lower back pain, the specific type must be identified. Axial back pain is a common type of lower back pain experienced by many people. Different from other types of lower back pain, the type of pain can vary greatly from a mere dull ache, constant nagging ache or even sharp and piercing. This condition is usually non-specific.

Its characteristics

· Lower back pain that is triggered by the involvement in an activity like sports.

· Gets worse when one sits or assumes a different body posture.

· Feeling of relief after resting.

As the name suggests, lower axial back pain is mostly confined to the lower parts of a person’s back. If you have been experiencing such back pain with such symptoms, then there is a high chance you are be affected by this particular type. The good thing with it is that it does not affect other parts of the body such as legs, buttocks or feet as other types do.

Getting diagnosed

Diagnosis to understand which part of the anatomical structure is causing the pain is very vital. You are advised to visit a medical clinic and to ascertain the presence of this condition. Common culprits that could be responsible for lower back pain include; muscles, tendons, ligaments, problems with facet joints, degenerated discs. However, the presence of an anatomical lesion that can be ascertained through an MRI scan makes the diagnosis even more difficult.


There are several methods and approaches of treating axial back pain. Usually, the method chosen is based on the level of severity. If it is not quite severe, then a patient can be advised to take a short rest, embrace physical therapy, exercise, and heat or ice application for instant pain relief or taking medications against the cause. The good thing with this type of lower back pain is that most symptoms tend to diminish after a given period of time. If a person continues to experience the pains for more than 2 months, then further tests should be done.


Those with severe, chronic lower back problems which are mostly traced to damaged or degenerated faced discs, then surgery is inevitable. One may qualify for disc replacement or any other surgical process that targets the elimination of the source of pain. The complexity of the procedure will highly depend on the severity of the condition.

Finally, this type of lower back pain may not pose a huge problem when caused by simple life activities that can be adjusted. However, there exist some severe conditions that should be diagnosed by an expert. Timely diagnosis is key when it comes to effective treatment of lower back pain. Take caution and act fast if you suspect you may be suffering from axial back pain.

3 Common Ways Chiropractors Treat Back Pain

spinal adjusting for chirosIt is a proven fact that chiropractors offer effective and gentle approaches to address your back pain related problems. You can always expect a non-surgical and drug-less health care approach with chiropractic and this treatment saves a lot of time as well. When your spine does not move well as it should, you will experience back pain and the basic principle of chiropractic is to return motion to the spine to address the restricted movement. Take a look at the 3 common ways chiropractors treat back pain:

1) Specific spinal manipulation
Specific spinal manipulation also known as spinal adjusting can be described as a hands-on care and active treatment that restores the original motion to the spine with utmost efficiency. Since this treatment returns the normal spinal mechanics, your muscles will relax and as a resultant factor; the pain will be completely eliminated. First of all, the chiropractor will identify the restricted joints or joints with abnormal motion and using a gentle thrusting technique, he/she will return motion to the joint. Various studies have clearly shown that this method can also relieve discomforts associated with your musculoskeletal system and, the mobilization and manipulation techniques employed in this treatment also benefit the structures of the entire body and its physiological mechanisms.

2) Flexion distraction technique

Flexion distraction technique is a non-thrusting and gentle type of spinal manipulation. This hands-on treatment makes use of a specialized table to help the chiropractor and this method is highly effective in treating bulging discs, ruptured or herniated discs and spinal stenosis. This non-invasive treatment stretches the musculature and the patient will be placed on the special table face down. After that, the table will be moved into flexion to apply negative pressure on the disc and the benefits associated with this method include proper joint function, reduced inflammation, elimination of pain and better movement patterns.

3) Instrument assisted manipulation

It is also a non-thrusting technique and a hand-held instrument is used to apply force without thrusting into the spine. When patients cannot undergo hands-on or manual manipulation, instrument assisted manipulation becomes inevitable and the chiropractor uses a hand-held device like an activator instrument or an electronically controlled device like impulse unit. These devices provide vibratory stimulus to the joints and the related nerves supplying the joint and, this treatment changes the reflex output to the joint. As a resultant factor; this spinal manipulation reduces the splinting and muscle spasm that cause restricted joint movements and it is one of the best options for older patients with degenerative joint syndrome or osteoporosis.

Many people depend on chiropractors to address the problems related with back pain. Various studies have clearly shown that these 3 common ways chiropractors use to treat back pain are highly effective and the fact that they are not invasive in nature makes them all the more appealing to a huge number of people. It can be said without an iota of doubt that chiropractors always ensure long lasting results by offering maintenance spinal manipulation after the initial intensive manipulative therapy.

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